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What is ESG investment?
Financial Education

What is ESG investment?

By integrating environmental, social, and governance factors into decision-making, investors can build portfolios that deliver both profit and purpose.
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12 FEB, 2024

By Johanna Zidani from RankiaPro Europe


In recent years, the concept of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) investment has emerged as a guiding principle for investors looking beyond mere financial gains. This approach integrates sustainability, social responsibility, and ethical governance into investment decisions, reflecting a growing awareness of the interconnectedness between financial success and broader societal and environmental well-being. Let's delve deeper into what ESG investment entails and why it's gaining momentum in the financial world.

Defining ESG Investment

ESG investment revolves around three core pillars:

  1. Environmental Factors: This aspect focuses on a company's environmental impact, including its carbon footprint, resource usage, pollution levels, and approach to conservation. Companies committed to environmental sustainability may prioritize renewable energy sources, implement eco-friendly practices in production processes, and strive to minimize their ecological footprint.
  2. Social Factors: Social considerations encompass how a company interacts with various stakeholders, including employees, communities, customers, and suppliers. This includes factors such as labor practices, diversity and inclusion initiatives, community engagement, and adherence to human rights standards. Companies with strong social performance aim to foster positive relationships with all stakeholders and contribute to societal well-being.
  3. Governance Factors: Governance refers to the systems and structures that govern a company's operations and decision-making processes. ESG analysis evaluates aspects such as board diversity, executive compensation, shareholder rights, transparency, and ethical conduct. Strong governance practices promote accountability, integrity, and responsible stewardship of resources, thereby enhancing investor confidence and long-term sustainability.

"I prefer to use a stock picking approach by selecting companies that really change people’s life and truly preserve the climate in total transparency."

Hicham El Aissaoui, Fund Selector at HL Capital

The Rise of ESG Investing

ESG investing has gained traction for several reasons:

  1. Risk Management: ESG factors are increasingly recognized as material risks that can impact a company's financial performance and reputation. By considering environmental and social risks, investors can better assess a company's resilience and long-term viability. Companies with robust ESG practices are often better equipped to navigate regulatory challenges, mitigate operational risks, and adapt to evolving market dynamics.
  2. Performance Potential: Research suggests that companies with strong ESG profiles tend to exhibit better financial performance and resilience over time. By integrating sustainability considerations into their business strategies, these companies can drive innovation, attract top talent, and enhance brand reputation. As investors seek to align their values with their investment choices, ESG-focused portfolios have gained popularity as a means to achieve both financial returns and societal impact.
  3. Stakeholder Engagement: ESG investing reflects a broader shift in investor preferences towards sustainability and responsible business practices. Shareholders, consumers, and regulators are increasingly scrutinizing companies' ESG performance, driving greater transparency and accountability. Companies that proactively address ESG concerns can build trust with stakeholders, mitigate reputational risks, and gain a competitive edge in the marketplace.

" In recent years, the concern for ESG criteria has grown considerably from clients and institutions, of course. But the dynamic has also come from portfolio managers and asset management firms, which have considerably developed their engagement; processes are much better integrated; and the real impact is increasingly taken into account in portfolios, both in terms of risk management and financial opportunities. "

Bruno Veillet-Lavallee, Head of Multimanagement IS at Amundi

By incorporating ESG factors into investment decisions, investors can not only generate financial returns but also contribute to positive societal and environmental outcomes.

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